As the current health law comes under attack and our national deficit continues to grow, single-payer plans are gaining more and more interest.

By Margaret Flowers, MD for YES! Magazine

Last month, fulfilling a campaign promise, Republicans in the House of Representatives voted to repeal “Obamacare.” The vote was primarily a symbolic gesture. House leadership knows repeal will not survive a vote in the Senate or a Presidential veto. But the Republican leadership is likely to attempt steps that would lead to a de facto repeal of the health law.

One of the main strategies for weakening the law will be to prevent funding to key elements and programs—particularly of those having to do with enforcing regulations on the insurance industry.
We can also expect Republican members of Congress to promote “triggers,” which change the law if certain goals are not met. These changes will drive employers to stop offering health insurance to employees and instead offer fixed contributions that employees can use to purchase health insurance on the open market. As premiums rise, more people will be forced to purchase skimpier policies, leaving them unprotected in times of need.

Republicans also advocate for the opening of the health insurance market across state lines in the belief that this will create competition that reduces the cost of health insurance. In truth, in order to make a profit, health insurers compete to insure the healthiest patients and to avoid paying for care. The result will be a race to the bottom.

Health insurance regulations—which control, for example, what services insurers must cover, or how many physicians they must allow patients to choose between—were put into place to protect patients. Regulations vary by state, meaning that, just as corporations move their headquarters to states with lower taxes, health insurers will base themselves in states with fewer regulations. Premiums may become cheaper, but at the cost of higher out-of-pocket costs and lower quality benefits that leave patients unable to receive needed care or forced into bankruptcy by an unexpected illness or accident.

Such changes shift more and more of the cost of care onto individual patients—particularly those who have the greatest needs. This is exactly the wrong approach if our goal is the creation of a system that improves the health of our population and controls our soaring health care expenditures.

The United States is the only industrialized nation that does not have a coherent health system and that allows investor-owned corporations to finance and provide health services. As a result, we have the highest health care costs in the world but relatively poor outcomes—not to mention a growing number of people who can’t afford the care they need.

We have the cruelest form of health care rationing in this nation: rationing based on the ability to pay. Except for those in the very highest income brackets, we are all at risk of personal bankruptcy due to a health crisis. In fact, the U.S. is unique in that most personal bankruptcies are due to medical illness or medical costs—and more than three-fourths of those who experienced medical bankruptcy were insured.

The good news is that it doesn’t have to be this way. As the weakening of the federal health care law begins, a nationwide effort for more substantial reform—a national single-payer system, also known as improved Medicare for All—is taking place. Health professionals and advocates around the nation are actively engaged in educating, organizing, and agitating to promote Medicare for All. There are tremendous opportunities at the state and national level to pass a single payer system.

As the current health law falls apart and our national deficit continues to grow, single-payer plans are gaining more and more interest. More than 20 state legislatures have either passed single payer health bills or are in the process of creating such bills. California has passed a single payer bill twice, only to have it vetoed. Advocates are working to pass the law once again this year. Vermont is in the process of putting together legislation setting up a system similar to single-payer; legislators expect to pass their bill this year. At the federal level, single-payer bills will be introduced in both the House and Senate.

Our current health spending is enough to pay for high quality comprehensive care for everyone if we switch to a single risk pool that is transparent and publicly accountable.

Dr. Margaret Flowers wrote this article for YES! Magazine, a national, nonprofit media organization that fuses powerful ideas with practical actions. Dr. Flowers is a congressional fellow with Physicians for a National Health Program and a pediatrician based in Baltimore.

3 Comments

  1. Annie Kelleher on February 14, 2011 at 3:00 pm

    The plutocratic system we live within is run by corporations. The “Dems vs Republicans” is theatre. For SP to have a chance, it may have more impact if all discourse on this topic included Truths, such as:

    1. Wall-Street based health care policy (replacing Insurance company nouns)

    2. Health Insurance Corporations are equivalent to Investment Banking Houses on Wall Street

    3. There is zero possibility that Wall Street Investment Houses will ever allow health care access to US citizens if there is a way to prevent this from occurring

    4. There is zero probability that Wall Street Investment Houses will walk away from their enormous profits gleaned from the fraudulent and unethical business of health insurance ‘products’

    5. What is meant by “tremendous opportunities at state and national levels to pass a Single Payer system?” Currently, there are scant opportunities at the state and national levels to pass Single Payer.

    6. WALL STREET rules. And Wall Street has 2 choices when facing health care costs/coverage for citizens: Choice #1: Go out of business and lose all their obscene profits. Choice # 2: Let people endure more suffering, and let people die sooner than they otherwise would. Wall Street has no conscience. Wall Street ~will~ stand by while US citizens suffer and die — the Street has been doing this for over three decades and will continue this behavior. Ask Wendell Potter.

    Once more: Investment Banks are machines for profit generation. They have no conscience, they do not care. Investment Banks = Insurance Corporations = Congress=Government

    7. Wall Street cruelties will not be hindered by Congress because these institutions are synonymous. They are the same entity. What Americans think of as a ‘government’ is a shadow play with Wall Street writing the script from beginning to end.

    8. Wall Street Investment Houses own the Media. The media consumed by most Americans — especially regarding Real Change in our health care delivery model is a total fiction and a dangerous fiction — as currently crafted by Wall Street Media.

    9. SP activists are not regarded as a threat by Wall Street — why not? They are not seen as a threat because Wall Street already knows exactly how to manipulate the public on this issue. For every person and every dollar anteed up for SP, Wall Street has 10,000 people and $10,000 dollars to counter this challenge. 10,000: 1 ratio

    10. SP will happen when all of us have NOTHING left to lose. The revolution in Egypt is a well timed parallel. The citizens of Egypt have shown what it takes. Going after a military dictator, and succeeding, is Truly inspiring. It is easier than taking on Wall Street. Mubarak was (and is) a Friend/Employee of Wall Street. So what Egypt “means” is that a single (albeit significant) employee of the Investment Banks was defeated. Now imagine what it will take to defeat Wall Street on their “Investment” in the health care industry.

    Is this too negative ?



    • Victoria on February 24, 2011 at 6:33 pm

      Your post is very negative but sadly, right on. The first responsibility of the health insurance companies is to increase the profits of their shareholders. They are not evil, it’s how the system works.
      Maybe, when half of Americans are uninsured and we have become a third world country since most of our jobs will be outsourced to countries who care for their citizens, the government will make a change. Or MAYBE, if Vermont passes a single payer universal health plan and it is successful, Americans will finally see that it works and demand real reform. A la Egypt, if need be.



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